GOV-449/499, Political Science
Research Methods/ Sr. Paper

Librarian's Corner

± show / hide

CQ Researcher Tutorial(YouTube 2:29 mins.)

OYEZ - multimedia archives of the Supreme Court of the United States and its work
Dog Whistles, Walk-Backs, and Washington Handshakes...
Dog Whistles, Walk-Backs, and Washington Handshakes... ebrary
Hidden Truth: Young Men Navigating Lives in and Out of Juvenile Prison
Hidden Truth: Young Men Navigating Lives in and Out of Juvenile Prison, 2010 ebrary
Refugees and the Myth of Human Rights
Refugees and the Myth of Human Rights 2014 ebrary
  • Resources
  • Journals
  • Articles
  • Books
  • Search
  • Storage
  • Citations
  • ILL
  • QuickLinks

Selected Resources

In addition to the resources below, use the database list or select a subject research guide (use the drop menu in the right sidebar) to identify additional databases and resources.
For detailed descriptions of resources see the Government Research subject library guide.

Humanities International Complete
Political Science Complete star

Other Databases
Academic Search Complete

star Create an EBSCO folder (shown below) to save and later access your articles.
star Click "Choose Database" and select other or additional databases to search.
star In the article record under the "Tools" menu, use the "Cite" link to copy/paste/edit the citation.
Academic Search Complete
America: History and Life with Full Text
Journals published worldwide on U.S. & Canadian history and culture from prehistory - present. 196+ full-text journals; 1,700 journals indexed; 92+ books EBSCO More...
Use American History CLIO Notes to browse chronologies of historical events/themes.
Critical country-specific intelligence; Socio-demographic, cultural, economic, political, historical, environmental and investment information, along with news, analysis, maps, data and many non-sovereign nations. User Guide PDF CountryWatch More...
Google Scholar
Peer-reviewed articles; some indexing, some free full text. In "settings," select "Library links" and key in, or select, Oral Roberts University Library to include E-resources @Oral Roberts.
GPO-U.S. Government Publications
Covers all types of U.S. government documents, including Congressional reports, hearings, debates, and records; judiciary materials; and documents issued by executive departments (Defense, State, Labor, Office of the President, etc.). FirstSearch More...
Historical Abstracts with Full Text
Covers history of the world (excluding the U.S. & Canada), focusing on the 15th century forward. Full text of 400+ journals and 140+ books; indexing of historical articles from 2,600+ journals in 40+ languages dating back to 1954. EBSCO More...


A current social or political "hot topic" is published weekly; includes background information, chronology, maps, charts, issues, pros/cons, and more. Coverage is non-biased and authoritative. FAQs
Use the print drop menu to select and print specific sections.

Points of View ReferencePoints of View Reference - GET OPPOSING VIEWS ON ISSUES

Current, controversial topics with multiple sides supported by articles, primary sources, news briefs, and more. Find out more
Learn more: Tutorial (6 mins.)

Selected Web Sites
OYEZ: U.S. Supreme Court Media (Chicago-Kent)
"a multimedia archive devoted to the Supreme Court of the United States and its work."
The PEW Charitable Trusts: State and Consumer Initiatives
An independent nonprofit organization; "to improve public policy, inform the public and stimulate civic life." Includes an interactive map to explore projects and work by state. About
Pros and Cons of Controversial Issues; includes primary source documents, statistical evidence, government research and documents, and more.
The World Factbook (CIA)
CIA FOIA Electronic Reading Room Offers Access to CIA Documents
To Find Statistics
Government's metasite that directs to "statistics from more than 100 U.S. Federal agencies."
Statistical Abstract of the U.S.ORU database Available in print, call #HA202.S72 LRC-R
To locate government statistics on the Web, try the following search examples:
your topic   statistics
your topic 1   your topic 2  fact sheet
For more detailed information see the library guide How to Find Statistics.
Periodicals: Journals, Trade Publication, and more

Publication Finder - Includes full-text journals, magazines, trade publications, etc.

Browse or search titles by a discipline:

Diplomacy and International Relations ~362 titles
Political Science ~499 titles
Politics and Government ~2,126 titles

To search and find an Exact Title:

Key in TI followed by the exact title name in quotation marks.
Example: TI "electoral studies"

Sample full-text journal titles:

For general information see the library guide How to Find...Periodicals (Journals, Magazines, etc.)

How to Find Articles on Your Topic

To store and manage your information, create a personal account Folder in EBSCO. As you find items to use for your assignment(s), just add them in your "Folder" for later use. (Training video)


Step 1: Access a database.
Academic Search Complete (ASC) - largest multidisciplinary academic database
Political Science Complete - content focus is on contemporary political discourse

  • For off campus access, use the Off-Campus Access link on the library page and your ORU network login. (Your username is your ORU email address without
  • To change or add multiple databases use the "Choose Databases" link in EBSCO, the QuickLinks tab above, or select from the database list page.

Step 2: Key in your terms and search.
Use descriptive words from your thesis statement and subjects that describe your main topic(s).
Examples :


Step 3: Evaluate your results -- sort and set limiters.
What are the assignment requirements?

  • Relevance is usually the default display, which may give you more full text articles at the top of the list. Sort by date for the most recent articles to appear at the top of the list.
  • Add limiters; set restrictions (date, peer reviewed, language, etc.)
  • Use the available subject headings and subject options.

Step 4: Evaluate the articles -- read, review and save. Evaluate the journal.
Click the article title to view the detailed record.

  • Read the abstract, if available, to 1) see if the content is relevant to your topic, 2) look for additional key terms to search, and 3) identify ways to narrow your topic.
  • Review the article bibliography for additional relevant resource. If you identify an article of interest, go to the Publication Finder, search for the journal title, and then follow the links to go to the issue date that you need.
  • Save articles to your EBSCO folder for later use, easy access and creating citations.

Step 5: Evaluate your search -- tweak and improve.

  • Change or edit your search query to include other important concepts from your thesis. (Click the Searching tab above for examples of efficient search strategies.)
  • In the EBSCO interface, click Choose Databases (shown below) to select and search additional databases simultaneously, or change to another database. Click Search to rerun the search in the newly selected database(s).
    EBSCO Choose Databases
    Use a subject research guide for subject databases, resources and search tips, or see the database list.


Step 6: Read full text.
Click HTML, PDF, Linked Full text or similar link. Or, click the Check for Full Text link to see if it is available elsewhere in the Library (i.e., in another database, hard-copy in the Library, microform). If an article is not available in full text in the library, the Interlibrary Loan service can get an item (for a small fee), but that is usually not necessary for the Composition 102 research assignment.

Step 7: Cite your sources.
Look for citation tools that allow you to copy, paste and then edit the citation in MLA format.

See also: Key Points: Search Strategies and How to Find Articles.

Books and eBooks
Use the resources below to find books and other materials beyond the ORU library. When the item you need is not available at ORU, you may request it through the library's Interlibrary Loan service.
Google books free on the Web
Includes some book previews and complete books available. More...
Connects to books with the Library Project and Partner Program. If the book is out of copyright, or the publisher has given permission, Google Books provides a preview of the book. If the book is in public domain, you can freely download a PDF copy.
Search for books then click a title. In the book record use "Find in Library" (left sidebar) to link to the item record in, as shown below. See PDF.
GoogleBooks links to WorldCat free on the Web
show/hide A library catalog with more than 1.2 billion records for books and other materials in OCLC member libraries, worldwide.
worldCat record• Include books, websites, films and slides, musical scores, and more.
• Records represent 400 languages.
• Indicates libraries where materials are held. ...more
• Links to the item preview in, if available.
• Use your Zip code to locate the closest library that has the book.
Citation Tools - Click Cite Export within the detailed record to get a pop-up window that shows the citation in APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Turabian styles. More
Preview this item - If available, allows you to preview selected pages in  
WorldCat ORU database-- If you are off campus, includes distance learners, you will need to login.
Limit your search to find materials in a in a library or group of libraries in a specified city/state. Use the Find codes, then key the code(s) in the Library Code text box. FirstSearch
Use the catalog to find books in the library. The check out period for sr. paper students is 28 days.
eBook titles are included in the library catalog with links to the ebook, but you may prefer to search an ebook database (listed below) instead of using the library catalog. Since ebooks do not have call numbers in the catalog, they are not included in WorldCat nor Google books. To locate ORU ebooks, search the library catalog and limit to ebooks, or search ebook databases.
ebrary - Academic ebooks from scholarly and professional publishers.
Political Science ~5,004 titles
• Create a user bookshelf to store and annotate your selected books:
If you sign in to your personal bookshelf, you can save ebooks, highlight text, add notes, and organize information into folders.
Download books to read offline. Remember that you must first install Adobe Digital Editions on your computer (free online).
• See the apps (iPad, iPhone, iPod touch) and the ebrary Quick Start Guide or Tutorial
ebraryarrow TIP: Chapter Results
Do a search. Click the Chapter Results tab to view the 20 most relevant chapters from your ebooks results list.

arrow TIP: Call Number Sections
To browse ebrary titles in a specific call number section (shown right):
Use Advanced search. Change Search in menu to LC Call Number. Type the call numbers(see LC outlines). Click Search ebrary.
It's like browsing virtual ebrary shelves.

show/ hide View search strategies
To search the entire collection, type a simple search or click "Advanced" for multiple field and text box options.
To browse and/or search by specific subject area use the "All Subjects" link at the top of the ebrary page.
To narrow your title results list click a subject, or several subjects, at the top of the page.
To open the ebook, click the title or book jacket image.
To view the most relevant chapters from all the books, click the Chapter Results tab next to the Title Results tab.
To use the Text-to-speech function: After you have found a book, click the ebrary Reader button to open a book in ebrary's reader. Choose the "Speech" tab. Highlight text to be read or just click the "Read the selected text button" for the page to be read.
eBook Collection

Search Strategies and Examples

The examples below are provided to support the information provided and practice searches used during the LIBBI session. Use the links below to review the sample search strategies and evaluate the lists of search results. Search, then tweak and edit the terms, search fields, subjects, databases, etc. to match your sr. paper research needs. Use your personal folder in EBSCO to save and manage your information. Please inquire at the reference desk if you assistance or use Ask-A-Librarian.

Use as few or as many terms needed to get relevant results. Set restrictions for source types, dates, thesaurus and/or subjects. (DE= descriptors or subjects)

± EXAMPLE: The effects of U.S. Supreme Court decisions on juvenile drug offenders
Possible keywords:
supreme court cases, history, chronology, juvenile sentences, juvenile courts, advocates, convictions, juvenile corrections, violent offenders vs. non-violent offenders, outcomes, effects, criminal procedures, repeat offenders, etc.

Sample searches:
juvenile AND (conviction* or sentenc*) AND drug AND (violent or non-violent) (167 results, in Academic Search Complete, SocINDEX with Full Text, America: History and Life with Full Text, Military & Government Collection, Political Science Complete)
DE "DISCRIMINATION in juvenile justice administration" OR DE "TRIAL & sentencing of children as adults" (76 results, in ASC, SocINDEX, America: History and Life, Military & Government Collection, PSC)
DE "DISCRIMINATION in juvenile justice administration" OR DE "TRIAL & sentencing of children as adults" AND supreme court cases (5 results, in ASC, SocINDEX, America: History and Life, Military & Government Collection, PSC)
U.S. Supreme Court AND cases AND juvenile AND drug AND (conviction* or sentenc*) (4 results, in ASC, SocINDEX, America: History and Life, Military & Government Collection, PSC)
U.S. Supreme Court AND juvenile AND (conviction* or sentenc*) (277 results, in ASC, SocINDEX, America: History and Life, Military & Government Collection, PSC)
• "After Supreme Court Ruling, States Act on Juvenile Sentences" (1 article, Web search on PEW: Stateline)
U.S. Supreme Court cases juvenile (ebrary ebooks, 6,878 results)

± EXAMPLE: Support and education of women victims of human trafficking
Possible keywords:
human trafficking, women, education, intervention, support, support groups, victims, trauma, escape, psychological, emotional, recovery, intervention strategies

Sample searches:
DE "human trafficking" AND women AND education AND U.S. (15 results, in Academic Search complete, PsycARTICLES, PscyINFO, SocINDEX with Full Text)
women victims AND human trafficking AND education AND support (42 results, in ASC, PsycARTICLES, PscyINFO, SocINDEX)
women victims in human trafficking fact sheet (Web search)
Sample article:
Preventing, Education and Intervention Strategies in Combating Human Trafficking...

± EXAMPLE: Find articles on conflict management in Policy Studies Journal
Search: Go to the journal's detailed record > choose Search within this publication > key in your terms.
QuickSearch: JN "Policy Studies Journal" and "conflict management" (11 results)


Operator (Boolean)
Examples of key terms for searching
AND   Use to search different concepts together. Produces fewer results.

children AND evangelism

OR Use to link similar terms; group with parenthesis; produces more results
(children OR child) AND (evangelism OR evangelize)
NOT Use to specify a term you do not want in the search results.

(children OR child) AND (evangelism OR evangelize) NOT school

Excludes results with school.

Truncation (*) Searches the ROOT of a word ended with *

child* AND evangel* NOT school

Searches: child, children AND evangel, evangelism, evangelical, evangelized, etc.

Use fewer concepts Increases number of results
child* AND evangel*
Use more concepts Decreases number of results
child* AND (outreach OR evangel*) AND inner AND city
Phrase Search Use quotation marks; Refines search
child* AND (outreach OR evangel*) AND “inner city” AND “New York”

Be alert! As you research, continue to add relevant terms to your search:

  • Consider alternative terms, abbreviations, narrower terms, broader terms and related terms.
  • Use subject descriptors, database thesauri and article abstracts to identify additional terms and ideas.
  • Watch for references to research, reports and (or) studies, which will point you to primary source documents.

"My EBSCOhost" Folder

The EBSCOhost folder is a personal information management tool to save articles, save searches, create citations lists, write notes, and more. It can be accessed and used in any database in the EBSCO platform. To use the Folder feature, create a folder then sign in to your folder when you are in the EBSCO platform. Note: Items added to the default folder are NOT saved.

See: My EBSCOhost Folder - Tutorial (YouTube, 3:58 mins.)

± How to CREATE Your Folder:
  • Access an EBSCO database.
  • Click Sign In in the upper right.
  • Click I’m a new user and complete the form. (You do not need to use your network login for the username or password.)
  • Click Submit.

± How to USE Your Folder to add items to save and use later:
  • Log in to your EBSCOhost folder.
  • To add an item, click on the Add icon to the right of each item in the result list.
  • To add multiple items, click Share then choose items to add to the folder.

± How to VIEW ARTICLES in Your Folder:
  • Access an EBSCO database.
  • Click Sign In (in the blue menu bar at the top). Enter your username and password then click Login.
  • In your Folder, first click an item title link for the detailed record then click PDF, HTML, or linked full text to view the full text.

± How to PRINT/E-MAIL/SAVE Folder Items:

Select an item and click the title link to view the detailed record. Then, choose from the options under "Tools" in the right menu.

ebrary Bookshelf

Use the ebrary bookshelf to store ebooks, create notes, highlight text, add Web links, and more. (Notes and highlights added when reading a book offline are deleted when the book is checked in.)

  • Go to ebrary.
  • Click the Bookshelf tab (top left) then enter your ORU network login to create and log into your Bookshelf. (Your username is your ORU email address without Items in your Bookshelf are retained until you delete them.
    To delete ebook titles, highlights and notes, use the delete trash icon at the right in your folder.

See also: Key Points: Search Strategies and How to Find Articles.

Citations - Copy/Paste/Edit

Try the tools listed below to copy/paste/edit citations, as needed, to match your assignment requirements. Always check the citation references for accuracy with the print style manual.

American Political Science Association Style Manual for Political Science
(Go to page 26, "Journal Articles.")
In general, according to the manual, for electornic journals include the following when it is available: author's name, document date (year), article title, journal title, (month and day), full retrieval path, and date of last access in parentheses.

ASPS style is in RefWorks. To help you get started using Refworks, several 30-minute LIBBI sessions on RefWorks have been scheduled this semester. To attend, sign up in Vision then just show up on time in the LIL. For more information visit the LIBBI pages.

  • RefWorks
  • Books
  • Articles (EBSCO folder)
  • CQ Researcher


RefWorks is an information management software programs that offers hundreds of citation styles. It is an easy-to use storage and management tool that allows you to store your information items, create bibliographies, search your Refworks database, and more.

When you find database articles, look for "export" or "save" options to RefWorks. If you are logged in to your RefWorks account, export the citation information or just log in to RefWorks when prompted.

In your RefWorks account you can select entries for citations and bibliographies, search the content, use folders to organize your content, and more.


Create a RefWorks account.
Use the link in the right menu for more information and some "how to" basics on RefWorks.
See: RefWorks Information Management Software PDF (shows how to select a citation style)

Tutorials and Helps

BOOKS in the ORU Library

If you use a book from the library, do a title keyword search in the library catalog, access the record, and then click How do I Cite this? (circled in the image below). Select the correct citation style (MLA) then copy/paste/edit the citation in your works cited list.

Library Catalog citation link Go there.


WorldCat CitationsBOOKS not in the ORU Library Catalog

Go to and search the book title.
Click the title to access the detailed record.
Click the Cite/Export link (shown right). Click a citation style then copy/paste/edit the citation, as needed.
Learn more: Citation Tools (YouTube 1:47 mins.)

JOURNAL ARTICLES in an Online Database

For a single citation in an EBSCO database, such as Academic Search Complete, click the article title to access the detailed record. Click the "cite" button in the right toolbar then choose a citation style. Copy, paste, and edit the citation to match the course style requirements. (The "Tools" menu is only available on the detailed record; it is not on the results page.)

EBSCO citations Go there.

The EBSCO folder is a personal information management tool to save articles, save searches, create citations lists, write notes, and more. Create a folder then sign in to your folder. Note: Items added to the default folder are NOT saved.


For multiple citations use the EBSCO folder:

  1. After you add the articles to your personal folder, click Folder has items at the top of the page.
    In the folder:
  2. Click checkboxes to mark items to be cited.
  3. Click the Print icon (in the right toolbar).
    In the Print Manager window:
  4. Uncheck HTML Full Text box and Search History, if showing and checked.
  5. Choose a Citation Format.
  6. Click Print (items are reformatted for printing). PrinT or cancel, then save or copy/paste/edit the citations.



Find a topic then use the CiteNow! link, located above the issue title, to view the citation options. Note that the default style is APA so make sure to select the correct style for you assignment and course.

CQ Researcher citations Go there.

Interlibrary Loan for Sr. Paper Students

When ORU does not have the article, book, or other items that you need, you may request it through the Interlibrary Loan department.

Interlibrary Loan (ILL)
Contact ILL at 918-495-7377 or
Interlibrary Loan Request Form

  • The $2.00 per item ILL request fee for students is waived after you attend the sr. paper LIBBI.
  • Determine that the ORU Library does not own the item you need BEFORE requesting it through interlibrary loan.
  • Some items are available nearby; others may take a week or more to obtain from out-of-state.
  • You will receive an email when your item(s) is ready to pick up. (Some journal articles are available from lending libraries in PDF format and can be emailed directly to you.)
  • Pick up your items at the circulation desk.
  • Submit only one request form for each article. (Note: The form is submitted each time the submit button is used, regardless of whether the "required fields" have been completed.
  • After submitting a request, check your ORU email for the confirmation, which includes the citation information.
  • When making a request remember to include the following three items in your ILL request: sr. paper, attended a LIBBI, and no charge.

After attending the LIBBI session your name is sent to ILL and added to a interlibrary loan $2.00/item fee waiver list for sr. paper students. When you make an interlibrary loan request the librarian will check the ILL fee waiver list for your name. If your name is on the list the ILL $2.00 per item fee is waived.

If you are not using a database link or form but emailing a citation to the ILL department, remember that you need to identify yourself and include your name and contact information, such as a phone number so that they know who is making the request and where to contact you.

If you have questions regarding ILL services or your ILL request please contact Interlibrary Loan or Ask-A-Librarian. If you have questions about attending a LIBBI session or your name being added to the ILL sr. paper fee waiver list, contact Library Instruction or Myra Bloom


Database QuickLinks

More Information = vendor's database description