Composition 303

Librarian's Corner

  • Using Article Databases
  • Using Subject Headings
  • Books/eBooks
  • Journals
  • Citations
  • Musician/ Lyrics /Writer
  • Career Info.
  • Worldview
  • Search Strategies
  • QuickLinks
Using Articles Databases
This guide is provided to help Composition 303 students with their research assignment(s), which may include writing on an ethical issue within a discipline or career, analysis of contemporary lyrics, worldviews and more. If off campus, log in with your ORU network login.
1. Choose a database.

Discovery Tool:

EagleSearch - simultaneously searches almost all ORU databases, including the library catalog.

Multidisciplinary database:

Academic Search Complete - covers all subjects; includes articles, essays, book reviews, and more.

Subject-related databases:

(Examples for a literary critique)
Biography in Context - biographies of people from around the world and throughout history; includes articles, images, videos, and more.
Literary Index - index to Gale literary series; NO full text.
Literary Reference Center - author biographies, literary works, plot summaries, articles, criticisms, and more.

See: Database List, Library Research Guides, or the QuickLinks tab above for additional databases
2. Search.
Use descriptive words from your thesis statement when searching article database. In your search expression, include subject headings or thesaurus terms to optimize your results.
If you searched your topic in a database and got "zero" results, try the following:
Check your spelling and make corrections, if necessary.
Expand your search -- use fewer keywords or use synonyms and truncation.
Choose a different database to search.
3. Evaluate.

The result list:

Sort the List: Relevance is usually the default display. Sort by date for the most recent articles to appear at the top of the list.
Add Limiters: Date, peer reviewed, subjects, language, etc.

The article:

Click the title to view the full record. If available, read the abstract (article summary) to see if the article is relevant to your topic. Look for additional keywords and subjects to search and refine your results.
4. Expand.
In the EBSCO platform, use the "Choose Databases" link (shown below) to mark and search a different database or mark several databases to search simultaneously.
EBSCO databases
5. Read the article full text.
Click HTML, PDF, Full Text through LinkSource or similar link.
Note: "Full Text Finder" may link to 1) the article in another database, 2) the ORU library catalog record that shows the journal is available in the library, or 3) an interlibrary loan request if the journal and article is not available in the ORU library.
6. Cite your sources.
See the Citations tab above for instructions on how to use database citation tools.
Tutorials & Help for EBSCOhost Tutorials & Help | Gale
Using Database Subject Headings or Thesauri
± About Subject Headings

Whereas the common keyword search is based on an exact word match, a subject or thesaurus search locates records by assigned subject or descriptors.

Subject headings, descriptors and thesauri terms are examples of "controlled vocabularies." They are lists of pre-defined, carefully selected words and phrases used to classify and organize information. Controlled vocabulary describes the general content of an information unit, such as a book, an article, or an essay.

Searching with controlled vocabulary in a subject index or thesaurus allows you to more precisely retrieve relevant information on your topic, illustrates relationship between related terms and helps you identify synonyms and broader and narrower terms.

Use Subject Headings and Thesauri to:

  • get ideas
  • browse related, broader and narrower topics of interest
  • get specific, targeted results
  • combine with keyword searching for more focused results

As shown in the chart below, controlled vocabulary varies with discipline and database and may be identified as subject heading terms or a thesaurus. Click a database title then look for, and use, the subject or thesaurus link (located in the top menu bar).

Subject/Discipline Sample Database Index or Thesaurus
Multidisciplinary: Academic Search Complete Subject Terms
Business: Business Source Complete Company Profiles; Business Thesaurus
Education: Education Source ERIC Thesaurus
Nursing: MEDLINE with Full Text MeSH 2013 (Medical Subject Headings)
Theology: ATLA Religion Database Scripture Authority File

Keyword Vs. Subject Headings

Keyword and subject terms searching can be combined. For example, rather than guessing what keywords to use consider doing a thesaurus (controlled vocabulary) search first. Review and assess your results. Then, add a keyword search to the query or use Search History to combine searches.

Identify all the major concepts of your thesis or research topic. Then use the thesaurus or subject index to locate, explore and select descriptors (also known as subjects) for each concept of your topic.

± Examples:

In Communication & Mass Media Complete

  1. Click Thesaurus in the top menu bar.
  2. Key in your term in the Browsing Thesaurus text box and select a browse function, such as Relevancy Ranked. Click Browse.
  3. To display details of a term, click the term.
  4. Click the checkbox in front of the terns(s) to include in the search, and then click Add to move the thesaurus terms into the search text box. More...
  5. Click Search or browse for another descriptor to add to the search string. EBSCO Thesaurus

Or, try a keyword search, retrieve a record that looks relevant to your topic, and then note and/or use the subject descriptors for that record. Click on any descriptor for a new search on that subject.

Education Research Complete - ThesaurusIn Education Research Complete

  1. Click Thesaurus in the top menu bar.
  2. Key in your term in the Browsing: Education Thesaurus text box and select a a browse function.

Search results for the term “ethics” (shown right) includes the alternative subjects of "ethical problems," "student ethics," "work ethics," and "education-moral & ethical aspects." (Database Subject Headings and Thesauri. PDF)

  1. From the list of results in the thesaurus, to add the terms to your search, mark the checkboxes in front of one or several terms and click the add button.

Browse and select additional relevant subjects for your topic. When finished, click the search button at the top of the database page.

In another thesaurus search example, “SCHOOL psychologists -- Professional ethics" and "STUDENT counselors -- Professional ethics" were added to the search using "or." There were 24 search results, including articles and citations, but some articles may be too old to use for the research assignment. So, in the left menu under Refine your results, for the Publication Date, type in the date(s) or drag the date bar to set your date restrictions, and then click update.
Go to the search. Try it. View the above example and limit the results to 2005-present. How many results?

Books and eBooks

ORU Library Catalog
The library catalog includes book and ebook records with links to the full text ebook. Librarians and reference student workers are available at the reference desk if you need assistance.

Try a subject search. Key in a subject in the Quick Search box below then, from the list that comes up, click a subject to view the list of book titles.

Library catalog ebook linksTo find ebooks in the library catalog, limit your results to ebooks. After you find an ebook, click the ebook title to access the detailed record, and then click the View content of ...E-book link to go to the ebook full text. (shown right)

eBook Databases
ebrary: ethics/ christian ethics
For optimal results, combine subject and keyword searching.
For help see: Quick Start Guide | Tutorial | apps (iPad, iPhone, iPod touch)
Download options
show/ hide View search strategies
To search the entire collection, type a simple search or click "Advanced" for multiple field and text box options.
To browse and/or search by specific subject area use the "All Subjects" link at the top of the ebrary page.
To narrow your title results list click a subject, or several subjects, at the top of the page.
To open the ebook, click the title or book jacket image.
To view the most relevant chapters from all the books, click the Chapter Results tab next to the Title Results tab.
To use the Text-to-speech function: After you have found a book, click the ebrary Reader button to open a book in ebrary's reader. Choose the "Speech" tab. Highlight text to be read or just click the "Read the selected text button" for the page to be read.
show/ hide View ebrary's Free "Open Access" Collections
eBook Collection

"Popular Culture" Journal Titles

Publication Finder
Try a journal title search for "popular culture."

Browse or search the sample journal titles listed below for articles on lyrics, worldview, your career, contemporary ethical issues and more. Use the "Search within this publication" link on the publication page to search all issues of the journal or drill down through the dates and volumes.

Try a journal title (publications) search in Academic Search Complete.

MLA Works Cited (Citations)


Most databases have tools that create citations in several formats, such as MLA, APA and Turabian. Try the tools listed below to copy/paste/edit citations, as needed to match your assignment requirements. Always check the citation references for accuracy with the print style manual.


If you use a book from the library, do a title keyword search in the library catalog, access the record, and then click How do I Cite this? (circled in the image below) Select the correct citation style (MLA) then copy/paste/edit the citation.

Library Catalog citation link Go there.


In an EBSCO database, such as Academic Search Complete, use the Cite link in the "Tools" menu on the right sidebar, (The "Tools" menu is only available on the item record; it is not on the results page.)

EBSCO citations Go there.


The EBSCO Folder is a personal information management tool to save articles, save searches, create citations lists, write notes, and more. Create a folder then sign in to your folder. Note: Items added to the default folder are NOT saved.

For a single citation in an EBSCO database, click the article title to access the detailed article record. Click the "cite" button in the right toolbar. choose the recommended style, then copy, paste, and edit the citation to match the style requirements.

For multiple citations use the EBSCO folder:

  1. After you add the articles to the folder, click Folder has items at the top of the page.
    In the folder:
  2. Click checkboxes to mark items to be cited.
  3. Click the Print icon (in the right toolbar).
    In the Print Manager window:
  4. Uncheck HTML Full Text box and Search History, if showing and checked.
  5. Choose a Citation Format.
  6. Click Print (items are reformatted for printing). PrinT or cancel, then save or copy/paste/edit the citations.

Find Information About a Musician, Lyrics, Movie Scripts

Depending upon your subject, person or topic, other databases may have relevant articles. Use the QuickLinks tab above to view and select other databases. See also: Biographical Information and Music library guides.

Search suggestions:
  • Key in the person's name, song title or lyric phrase.
  • Use quotation marks around a song title or lyric phrase.
  • Search the default fields and the "text" field.
  • Search the name several ways. For example, use AND between the first and last name.


Biography in Context
Key in the person's name. Once you find an article or entry, review the bibliography for other relevant resources. (To find an article listed in the bibliography, use the A-to-Z Journals List, search the journal title and drill down to the date or issue you need. To find a book listed in the bibliography, search the book title in the library catalog.)
Academic Search Complete EBSCO
Humanities Source EBSCO
Literary Reference Center EBSCO
MLA Bibliography EBSCO
National Newspapers Core ProQuest
Newspaper Source Plus ProQuest
Oxford Music Online
Lyrics & Movie Scripts
Use the Web to find song lyrics and movie scripts.
Use databases to search for scholarly articles on the worldview you interpret is communicated by the lyrics.
Citation examples (MLA):
Song lyrics
Artist/lyricist last name, first name. “Song title.” Recording date. Album name. Recording label. Year of release. Format (CD, cassette, MP3).
Bon Jovi, Jon. “Livin’ on a Prayer.” Slippery When Wet. Island/Mercury, 2017. CD.
Lyrics (from a website)
Artist/lyricist last name, first name. “Song title.” Website name. Medium (Web). Date you accessed.
Bon Jovi, Jon. “Livin’ on a Prayer.” MetroLyrics. Web. 30 Oct. 2015.
Optional style:
Bon Jovi, Jon. “Livin’ on a Prayer.” MetroLyrics. 30 Oct. 2015. <>.
ORU Library Catalog
In addition to searching, browse for books in relevant call number sections. For example, titles for the subject Christian Rock Music--History and Criticism are in the call number section #ML3187.5. In ebrary, key in call numbers to browse books in that subject area.
Sample search: bob dylan's hurricane lyrics
Sample titles:

Journals and Magazines

Journal Finder: popular culture - Browse journal titles. Select a title then browse an issue or search all issues for an artist, song or lyrics.
Sample titles:

Journal of Popular Culture
Journal of Religion & Popular Culture

Also try the person's name and/or song lyrics as a search in the "text" field. Although, this may not provide lengthy articles specific to your person, the search may bring up some interesting articles.

Career Information
Occupational Outlook Handbook Web version
2014-2015 Occupational Outlook Handbook Credo Reference, ORU database
(U.S. Dept. of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics) Profiles of hundreds of occupations; describes What They Do, Work Environment, Pay, Job Outlook, and more.
See: A-Z Index. Browse occupations by highest paying, fastest growing, or most new jobs (proposed).
O*Net Online
(Occupational Information Network) Includes, work activities, job zone, work styles, work values, related occupations and more.
CareerCast: The Best Jobs for Millennials in 2015
The Best Jobs of 2014
The Best Jobs of 2015
CareerCast Niche Job Networks - Each network may include articles, videos, news, job ratings, career advice, emerging trends, outstanding figures, key publications, and more. (About CareerCast)
Haz-MAP (National Institute of Health)
Information on hazardous chemicals and occupational diseases. Provides information about the "adverse effects of workplace exposures to chemical and biological agents."
Spotlight on Statistics: Occupations (U.S. Dept. of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Job & Career Resources library guide.
Databases - In addition to career websites, use databases to identify trends, the outlook and other features or projections for your career.
  • Select a database: Begin in Academic Search Complete, then click the "Choose Databases" link to select and add one or more subject related databases to search. Or, use the QuickLinks tab above or the Database List.
  • Use key terms for your occupation.
  • Use the "Subject" and/or "Subject Thesaurus" limiters in the left menu bar to mark all relevant subjects for your occupation and update your results.
  • Change or add databases, as needed.
Sample Searches: Click the links below to review the search results and edit for other careers or professions.
librarian AND "job description"
library professions AND ethics (Subject Term)
DE "LIBRARIANS -- Professional ethics" (DE = subject heading)
DE "Library science -- Moral & ethical aspects" (Subject heading); same search edited

Sample Worldview Comparison Charts

See a list of "worldview" entries in Contemporary American Religion. GVRL Reference
See also: Grand Central Question: Answering the Critical Concerns of the Major Worldviews ebrary

Keyword Searching

To find articles:

  • Use descriptive terms from your thesis statement.
  • Use subject specific databases relevant to your topic.
  • Consider alternative terms that identify your key concepts or the type of information you are seeking.
  • If available, set date restrictions for your results.

What discipline/ subject?
Choose an appropriate subject database or start with Academic Search Complete then use the “Choose Databases” link in EBSCO to search other databases.

What topic? What profession?
1) Use relevant keywords to identify and search the concepts of your research paper.

  • Topic(s):
       “fantasy literature”
       Narnia and literature and (valu* or purpose)
       fantasy and child* and purpose
  • Subject or discipline:  
       chemistry (chemical engineer*)
  • Profession:
       sports journalism
       sport and journal*

2) Develop variant search queries.

“military chaplain” and issue
 military and chaplain and issue*
military and chaplain and Christian
Christian and chaplain and ethic*

What influences? What perspective?
Add search terms that identify your topic.


social* (social, society)
cultur* (cultural, culture)
ethic* (ethical, ethics, ethic)
bibl* (bible biblical)
“Christian worldview”
“Christian perspective”
“religious aspect”
religio* (religion religious)

“professional ethics”
“code of ethics”


controvers* (-y, -ies, -ial)
pros and cons

Search Strategies
Operator (Boolean)
Use key terms for searching
AND   Use to search different concepts together. Produces fewer results.

children AND evangelism

OR Use to link similar terms; group with parenthesis; produces more results
(children OR child) AND (evangelism OR evangelize)
NOT Use to specify a term you do not want in the search results.

(children OR child) AND (evangelism OR evangelize) NOT school

Excludes results with school.

Truncation (*) Searches the ROOT of a word ended with *

child* AND evangel* NOT school

Searches: child, children AND evangel, evangelism, evangelical, evangelized, etc.

Use fewer concepts Increases number of results
child* AND evangel*
Use more concepts Decreases number of results
child* AND (outreach OR evangel*) AND inner AND city
Phrase Search Use quotation marks; Refines search
child* AND (outreach OR evangel*) AND “inner city” AND “New York”

Proximity Search:

NEAR: Finds words that occur "near" a specified range of each other. Use when only word RANGE is important.
inner city N5 new york

Searches: inner-city in New York or New York's inner city

Proximity Search:

WITH: Finds words that occur near a specified range of each other. Use when word ORDER and RANGE are important.

inner city W5 new york

Searches: inner-city in New York but not New York's inner city
Subject Field
Some database may include any or all three. Subject fields, indexes and thesauri are specific and unique to a database and its content. Respectively, they are used to divide information in related subjects, categorize and group database content, and offer collections of "controlled vocabulary" that includes synonyms, related terms, and narrower and broader terms.
Look for limiting options on the database search screen.
Examples: Full text • peer reviewed • date • related terms • language • subjects
Database QuickLinks

More Information = vendor's database description


Composition 303 LIBBI: Research Tips and Tools (trifold PDF)